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What’s with the different SNMP versions? v1, v2c, v3?

Posted by & filed under Best Practices, Tips & Troubleshooting.

We use snmp a lot, and know it well. However, not everyone of our customers has spent years working with OIDs in ASN.1, MIBs, Access types, and so on – and nor should they. (As we like to say, “Your monitoring solution should make your life easier, not harder.”) So one question we often get is the difference between the different SNMP versions.

So here’s the quick rundown:

  • SNMP version 1: the oldest flavor.  Easy to set up – only requires a plaintext community. The biggest downsides are that it does not support 64 bit counters, only 32 bit counters, and that it has little security. A community string sent in plaintext, possibly from a restricted range of allowed IP addresses, is as good as the security gets. In other words, no security from someone with access to the network – such a person will be able to see the community string in plaintext, and spoofing a UDP packet’s source IP is trivial.  (On the other hand, if your device is set up to only allow SNMP read only access – the risk is fairly small, and confined to evil people with access to your network. If you have evil people with this access, SNMP is probably not what you need to be worrying about.)
  • SNMP version 2c: in practical terms, v2c is identical to version 1, except it adds support for 64 bit counters.  This matters, especially for interfaces. Even a 1Gbps interface can wrap a 32 bit counter in 34 seconds. Which means that a 32 bit counter being polled at one minute intervals is useless, as it cannot tell the difference between successive values of 30, 40 due to the fact that only 10 octets were sent in that minute, or 30, 40 due to the fact that 4294967306 (2^32 +10) octets were sent in that minute.  Most devices support snmp V2c nowadays, and generally do so automatically. There are some devices that require you to explicitly enable v2c – in which case, you should always do so. There is no downside.
  • SNMP version 3: adds security to the 64 bit counters. SNMP version 3 adds both encryption and authentication, which can be used together or separately.  Setup is more complex than just defining a community string – but then, what security is not?  But if you require security, this is the way to do it.

Note that while you may have to configure the snmp version on your devices that are being monitored, you do not have to configure the version to be used in LogicMonitor. LogicMonitor will automatically try version 3; if that does not succeed, it tries version 2, and only if that does not respond will it use version 1. We try to keep the work away from you when we can.

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4 Responses to “What’s with the different SNMP versions? v1, v2c, v3?”

  1. itsolutions says:

    Great collection of different version of SNMP, You did great job, we can collect all information for one place.

  2. Lukas says:

    Thank you it helped.

  3. dat tra says:

    thanks for your jobs. So great

  4. Thilina Randombage says:

    Good information. However, I believe to clear up confusion that some may have, it is good to mention SNMP v2u here:

    SNMPv2u consists of the SNMP v2 protocol messages with the User-based Security Model specified in RFC 1910 in 1996.

    This model was accepted for use in the final SNMPv3 standards but the original specifications were declared obsolete and replaced by the SNMP v3 specifications which are now full standards.

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